Biotechnological solutions for agricultural bioeconomy providing recycling, functionality and utilization of fruit and vegetables waste

Research

Biotechnological solutions for agricultural bioeconomy providing recycling, functionality and utilization of fruit and vegetables waste

Leader: Assoc. Prof. DSc Magdalena Frąc

Team: Prof. DSc Artur Zdunek; Prof. DSc Jerzy Lipiec; DSc Eng Justyna Cybulska, member of PYA PAS; Assoc. Prof. DSc Artur Nosalewicz; DSc Monika Szymańska-Chargot; PhD Monika Chylińska; PhD Jolanta Cieśla; PhD Agata Leszczuk; PhD Marta Oleszek; PhD Karolina Oszust; PhD Giorgia Pertile; PhD Piotr Pieczywek; PhD Anna Siczek; MSc Agata Gryta; MSc Jacek Panek; PhD Marcin Turski; PhD Joanna Siecińska; MSc Nina Bilińska-Wielgus; MSc Żaneta Lachowska-Filipiuk

 

The aim of the task is the development of biotechnological solutions for the bioeconomy providing recycling, functionality and utilization of fruit and vegetables waste, taking under consideration environmental protection and sustainable agriculture.

 

The task subject is part of the bioeconomy, combining production, processing and utilization of biological plant resources to obtain a new bioproducts. On the one hand the research will include the use of renewable plant materials, offering new possibilities for their use. On the other hand the study will take account the impact of waste production on the environment, proposing appropriate waste management and environmental quality monitoring.

New microbiological biopreparations

  • evaluation of metabolic profile and enzymatic activity of microbial communities in fruit and vegetables waste;
  • identification of microorganisms and evaluation of their catabolic abilities;
  • chemical sensitivity assessment of selected fungal strains using phenotype microarrays assay;
  • determination of plants extracts and microorganisms effectiveness in phytopathogens control: Fusarium sp., Botrytis sp., Verticillium sp., Phytophtora sp..

New biomaterials

  • development of functionalization methods of polysaccharides such as cellulose, hemicellulose and chitosan;
  • determination of mechanical and rheological properties of cellulose, hemicellulose and chitosan composites;
  • analysis of biomaterials nanostructure;
  • obtaining information about an information between the different components of a composite by FT-IR and Raman spectroscopy;
  • determination of optical properties of composites.

Agricultural utilization of waste

  • influence of fruit and vegetables waste on plants growth parameters based on above ground parts and root system evaluation;
  • impact of fruit and vegetables waste on soil microbiological and biochemical properties, including functional and genetic diversity of soil microbial communities;
  • physicochemical properties of soil.

Literature:

  1. Cybulska J., Zdunek A., Sitkiewicz I., Galus S., Janiszewska E., Łaba S., Nawrocka M., 2013, Możliwości zagospodarowania wytłoków i innych odpadów przemysłu owocowo-warzywnego. Przemysł fermentacyjny i owocowo-warzywny, 57: 1-9.
  2. European Commission, 2016, Horizon 2020, Work Programme 2016-2017, 12. Climate action, environment, resource efficiency and raw materials, 1-89.
  3. Frąc M., Jezierska-Tys S., Yaguchi T., 2015, Occurrence, detection, and molecular and metabolic characterization of heat-resistant fungi in soils and plants and their risk to human health. Advances in Agronomy, 132: 161-204.
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